Top 10 Shipping Ports in China

  1. Shanghai Port

Shanghai port controls the river and the sea and is located in the Yangtze River Delta water network area, waterway traffic is very developed. At present, there are 3250 berths in Shanghai’s inland river port area, with a maximum berthing capacity of 2000 tons. After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh CPC Central Committee, the development of Shanghai Port has stepped on the fast track. fast track. In the 1990s, new port areas such as Luojian, Waigaoqiao Phase I, and Waigaoqiao Phase II were built. In January 1996, the construction of the Shanghai International Shipping Center was formally started, and in June 2002, the construction of the Yangshan deep-water port area was started, and Shanghai Port started to leap from an estuary port to a real seaport. 316 million tons of cargo throughput in 2003. In 2004, the cargo throughput and container throughput increased rapidly, with 379 million tons and 14.55 million TEUs respectively, ranking second and third in the world. In 2005, the cargo throughput of Shanghai Port reached 443 million tons and the container throughput reached 18.09 million TEU, an increase of 24.2% compared with the previous year, continuing to rank third in the world.

  1. Ningbo Port

Ningbo Port is composed of Beilun Port, Zhenhai Port, Ningbo Port, Daxie Port, and Pengshan Port, which is a multi-functional and comprehensive modern deep-water port integrating inland river port, estuary port, and seaport. There are 191 productive berths, including 39 deep-water berths of over 10,000 tons. The largest berths are a 250,000-ton crude oil wharf, a 200,000-ton (can also accommodate 300,000-ton ships) ore unloading wharf, a sixth-generation international container berth and a 50,000-ton liquid chemical berth; the port is connected with more than 600 ports in more than 100 countries and regions in the world. In 2005, Ningbo Port achieved a throughput of 268.64 million tons.

  1. Tianjin Port

Tianjin Port is located at the western end of Bohai Bay and is an important waterway transportation hub in northwest China and Beijing-Tianjin region. In 2003, the cargo throughput of Tianjin Port was 162 million tons, a historic breakthrough of a 30 million tons net increase in one year, and the throughput ranked first in northern China. In September 1973, Tianjin Port successfully opened the first international container line in China. 1980, Tianjin Port built the first container terminal in China. 2004, the container throughput completed 3.816 million TEU. 2004, the total cargo throughput reached 200 million tons, achieving a net increase of 40 million tons a year, a leap forward in development. In 2005, Tianjin Port achieved a throughput of 241.44 million tons.

  1. Guangzhou Port

Guangzhou Port is located in the center of the Pearl River Delta, the most active export-oriented economy in China. The port area is divided into Humen Port, Xinsha Port, Huangpu Port, and Guangzhou Inner Port. Guangzhou Port is the largest foreign trade port in South China, mainly engaged in the loading and unloading of oil, coal, grain, chemical fertilizer, steel, ore, containers, and other cargoes. (including wharf and anchorage barging)? In 2004, the cargo throughput of Guangzhou Port increased rapidly, with 215 million tons of cargo handled in the year. 250.93 million tons of cargo was handled in 2005.

  1. Qingdao Port

Qingdao Port is a national mega port, consisting of three major port areas, namely Qingdao Old Port, Huangdao Oil Port, and Qianwan New Port. The port has 15 quays and 73 berths, mainly engaged in loading and unloading services for various kinds of import and export cargoes such as containers, coal, crude oil, iron ore, and grain, as well as international and domestic passenger transport services, and has trade relations with more than 450 ports in more than 130 countries and regions in the world. The port throughput reached 161 million tons in 2004 and paid 1.75 billion yuan in taxes and fees to the state. 186.78 million tons of throughput was achieved in Qingdao port in 2005.

  1. Qinhuangdao Port

Qinhuangdao Port, located on the coast of the Bohai Sea, is a natural port in the north of China. The main cargoes are coal, oil, grain, fertilizer, ore, etc. Qinhuangdao Port is famous for its energy output, mainly transporting coal from Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Hebei, and other places in the interior of our country to East China, South China, and other countries and regions in America, Europe, and Asia, etc. The annual coal output accounts for more than 50% of the total coal output of the country and is the main channel for the southward transportation of coal from the north of China. At present, the port has the largest automated coal handling terminal and more advanced crude oil, general cargo, and container terminals, with 58 berths, including 37 productive berths. In 2004, Qinhuangdao Port completed a total of 153 million tons of throughput, an increase of 20.27% over the previous year. 169.02 million tons of throughput was achieved at Qinhuangdao Port in 2005.

  1. Dalian Port

Dalian Port is located in the pivot of the Northwest Pacific Ocean and is the most convenient port for transshipment of goods from the Far East, South Asia, North America, and Europe. The port has 346 square kilometers of free water and more than 10 square kilometers of land area, with 80 modern professional berths for containers, crude oil, refined oil, grain, coal, bulk ore, chemical products, passenger and cargo roll-on/roll-off, etc., including more than 40 berths of over 10,000 tons. In 2003, the port achieved a cargo throughput of 126 million tons and a container throughput of 1.67 million TEU, which is one of the few large ports of 100 million tons in the world. 2005 saw a port cargo throughput of 170 million tons and a container throughput of 3 million TEU. The investment in the construction of key port projects was 6 billion yuan.

  1. Shenzhen Port

Shenzhen Port is located in the south of the Pearl River Delta of Guangdong Province, on the east coast of Lending Ocean at the mouth of the Pearl River, adjacent to Hong Kong, and is an excellent natural harbor in South China. The direct hinterland of Shenzhen port is Shenzhen City, Huiyang City, Dongguan City, and part of the Pearl River Delta. In 2004, the cargo throughput of Shenzhen port reached 135 million tons, an increase of 20.33%, and the container throughput was 13.65 million TEU, an increase of 28.22%. In 2005, Shenzhen Port built 10 special berths for containers and developed and built the Tonggu channel. In 2005, the cargo throughput of Shenzhen Port reached 153 million tons, and the container throughput was 16,197,100 TEU.

  1. Zhoushan Port

Zhoushan Port is located in Zhoushan City, Zhoushan Islands, Zhejiang Province, backed by the economically developed Yangtze River Delta, and is the maritime gateway to Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and the provinces in the Yangtze River Basin. The port has abundant deep-water shoreline resources and superior natural conditions for port construction, with 1,538 kilometers of quay shoreline. There are 1,538 kilometers of shoreline, including 183.2 kilometers of deep-water shoreline with water depth greater than 10 meters; 82.8 kilometers of deep-water shoreline with water depth greater than 20 meters. The port has 8 harbor areas, including Dinghai, Shenjiamen, Laotang Mountain, Gaoting, Qushan, Sigao, Luhuashan, and Yangshan, with a total of 352 productive berths, of which 11 are above 10,000 tons,?and the cargo throughput of the port was 57 million tons in 2003. The port has trade and transportation with Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, the United States, Russia, and the Middle East. The port development is the most potential and competitive industry of Zhoushan in the future, as the main component of the Shanghai International Shipping Center and Shanghai-Ningbo-Zhoushan Combined Port. 735.926 million tons of port cargo throughput was completed in 2004, and the cargo throughput of Zhoushan Port exceeded 80 million tons in 2005.

  1. Yingkou Port

Yingkou Port is composed of Yingkou Port Area and Mackerel Port Area. The port of Yingkou has a long history and has been open to the public for more than 140 years, and was the only port of commerce in the northeast of China, famous for being “the good trade port of the East”. After entering into the 21st century, Yingkou Port has advanced to a modern port with deep water, specialization, and multi-functionalization. By the end of 2003, there were 29 production berths in Yingkou Port, 17 deep-water berths above 10,000 tons, and in 2004, Yingkou Port completed a total of 59.77 million tons of cargo throughput, an increase of 45.1% over 2003, and shipped 583,000 TEUs of containers, an increase of 44.7% over 2003. The total annual operating revenue exceeded 1 billion RMB. Yingkou Port achieved 75.37 million tons of cargo throughput and 787,000 TEU of containers in 2005.


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